The Wildlife Protection Act’s main goals are to protect the remaining populations of endangered species by outlawing hunting, protecting their habitats through the legal system, and finally, limiting the trade in wildlife.
What are the major features of Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972?
The Act prohibited the hunting of endangered species. Scheduled animals are prohibited from being traded as per the Act’s provisions. The Act provides for licenses for the sale, transfer, and possession of some wildlife species. It provides for the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, etc.
What is Indian Wildlife Protection Act explain in brief?
The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India. The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. Parliament of India. Long title.
What are the objectives of wildlife?
As part of the world’s ecosystems, wildlife provides balance and stability to nature’s processes. The goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure the survival of these species, and to educate people on living sustainably with other species.
What are objectives of Wildlife Act and forest Policy of India?
The WPA is the most important statute providing protection of wildlife. “The Act prohibits hunting of animals listed in Schedule I, II, III & IV. Under the Act, the state government may declare any area of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, natural or zoological importance as a sanctuary or a national park.
What is wildlife protection class 10?
– Among other amendments, the Act defined protected plant and animal species schedules; the killing or harvesting of these species was largely prohibited; the Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters relevant to or ancillary to them or incidental to them.
What wildlife is protected under Wildlife Protection Act?
The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act.
What are the 10 importance of wildlife?
The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological , economic and investigatory importance as well as conservation of biological diversities etc . Animals have also been highly useful to us in providing food , clothing and source of income . Our life is almost impossible without the support of wildlife .
What is the main objective of wildlife Institute of India?
Build up scientific knowledge on wildlife resources. Train personnel at various levels for conservation and management of wildlife. Carry out research relevant to management including the development of techniques appropriate to Indian conditions.
Who owns wildlife in India?
Any animal trophy, article, or uncured trophy or meat derived from the animals referred above will also belong to the government. If the animal is hunted in a sanctuary or national park declared by the central government, then that property shall belong to the central government under Section 39(1).
When was the Indian Wildlife Act passed?
Complete answer: In 1972, the Indian Parliament enacted the Wildlife Conservation Act, which provides for the preservation and protection of wildlife (flora and fauna) in the region.
What are the important features of protected areas of India?
Difference Between National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary:
|National Park||Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Can include flora, fauna or any other objects of historical significance.||Main aim is to protect a particular flora or fauna.|
|Boundaries are fixed and defined.||There are no fixed boundaries.|
What are protected areas Class 8?
Wildlife sanctuaries, National parks and Biosphere are the three types of protected area which have been earmarked for the conservation of forest and wildlife.
What are the five values of wildlife?
Biodiversity – Bush-meat – Consumptive use – Ecology – Economic importance – Economy – Non-consumptive use – Nutritional value – Socio-cultural significance – Wildlife – Wildlife habitats. – existence value: value of ethical feelings of existence of wildlife.
What wildlife means?
Definition of wildlife
: living things and especially mammals, birds, and fishes that are neither human nor domesticated.
What are the methods of wildlife conservation?
Methods of Wildlife Conservation:
- safeguarding natural habitats,
- keeping the number of species alive in the protected areas,
- creation of biosphere reserves
- protection provided by law,
- restricting the export of endangered plant and animal species and the goods produced by those species,
How many wildlife institutes are there in India?
There are 565 existing wildlife sanctuaries in India covering an area of 122560.85 km2, which is 3.73% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, May. 2022). Another 218 sanctuaries are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report covering an area of 16,829 km2.
What was the aim of the forest conservation policy Class 11?
The basic aim of this policy was to ensure environmental stability, maintain ecological balance and equilibrium so that all the life forms like flora and fauna can sustain.
The goal of the social forestry program was to give the general public the ability to grow plantations that would meet the rising demand for wood, fuel, and other forest products while also relieving pressure on traditional forest areas. In India, the idea of using village forests to serve the needs of rural residents has been around for centuries.
Which country is rich in wildlife?
#1 is Brazil. The champion of biodiversity on Earth is Brazil. Brazil has the highest number of plant and amphibian species in the world thanks to the Pantanal, the Amazon rainforest, the Mata Atlantica forest, the wooded cerrado, and a variety of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Which animal found only in India?
List a few of India’s endemic species.
Some of the animal species that are unique to India include the Asiatic Lion in the Gir Forest, the Lion-tailed Macaque in the Western Ghats of India, the Nilgiri Tahr, the Malabar large spotted civet, the Nilgiri Blue Robin, the Jerdon’s Corser, the Nilgai, and the Nicobar megapode.
What are the features of protected areas?
In order to achieve the long-term conservation of nature, along with the associated ecosystem services and cultural values, a protected area is a clearly defined geographic area that has been acknowledged, dedicated, and managed through legal or other effective means.
What are four threats to protected areas?
These include logging, mining, encroachment by human settlements and agriculture, and poaching of animals that are protected. Outside of protected areas, human activities that contribute to pollution, climate change, and the introduction of invasive species are frequently a threat.
Which is the first protected area of India?
In 1936, Hailey National Park, which is now known as Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand, became the first national park in India.
Which state has largest protected area in India?
The protected forest area in the state of Himachal Pradesh was the largest during the study period and comprised about 33,000 square kilometers; Madhya Pradesh came in second with roughly 31,000 square kilometers.
What is Red Date Book?
The Red Data Book is a public database designed to keep track of rare and threatened plant, animal, and fungal species as well as some local subspecies that are found in a given area.
What are the functions of wildlife sanctuary?
The purpose of the wildlife sanctuaries is to safeguard the threatened species. Since it can be challenging to always relocate animals from their natural habitats, it is advantageous to protect them there. In wildlife sanctuaries, endangered species are subject to special monitoring.
What are the benefits of wildlife conservation?
16 Exceptional Reasons Why Wildlife Conservation is Important…
- encourages the continuation of native plant species and pollination.
- therapeutic value
- aesthetic advantages.
- It is enjoyable and enjoyable!
- heritage and culture are preserved.
- advertises a tourist destination.
- preservation of endangered species and biodiversity.
What is the value of wildlife?
Because complex, healthy ecosystems are essential to maintaining human well-being, wildlife also plays essential roles in maintaining these ecosystems.
What are wildlife threats?
The destruction, degradation, fragmentation, overexploitation, poaching, pollution, and climate change are the main threats to wildlife. Of the species evaluated, the IUCN predicts that 27,000 are in danger of going extinct.
What are the basic requirements of wildlife?
The five basic needs for wildlife are:
- room to move around while hunting their prey.
- a place to hide from competitors and predators.
What is wildlife population?
The population is the total number of a specific species in a region. Populations of animals and plants rely on a variety of factors to survive. The population of an organism can be impacted by limiting factors like the accessibility of food, water, and shelter.
What are the objectives of endangered species in India?
to comprehend how endangered plants affect the nation’s ecology. to protect India’s threatened flora from harmful forces in order to ensure their survival.
What is wildlife protection class 10?
– Among other changes, the Act defined protected plant and animal species schedules; killing or harvesting of these species was largely prohibited; the Act offers protection for wild animals, birds, and plants, as well as for matters related to, incidental to, or ancillary to them.
What are the 4 types of conservation?
What are the 4 types of conservation?
- Conservation of the environment.
- wildlife preservation.
- conservation of the ocean.
- Conservation of Humanity.
Which is largest wildlife sanctuary in India?
Rajasthan’s Ranthambore National Park
The largest wildlife sanctuary in India is the Ranthambore National Park, which is situated in the state of Rajasthan. It serves as the tigers’ national reserve.
Who is the director of wildlife?
Dhananjai Mohan was appointed as the Wildlife Institute of India’s director in December 2019. In the past, he served as the state of Uttarakhand’s Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Planning and Financial Management, and Chairman of the State Biodiversity Board.
What is National Forest Policy 1952 Class 10?
The National Forest Policy of 1952 states that forests must cover 33% of the land area to maintain ecological balance. Despite this policy, India has had less forest cover than is necessary.
What are the main features of the National Forest Policy of India?
The existing forests will be completely maintained, and their effectiveness will be raised. Improvements will be made to the land cover on river catchment areas and hillsides. 2. The network of National Parks, Biosphere Reserves, and other protected areas will be enlarged and maintained more effectively.
What is wildlife Class 11?
Complete response: Wildlife refers to non-domesticated animals that are free to roam in their natural habitats.
When was national forest policy formed in India?
33% of the country’s land should be covered in forests, according to the 1952 Post-Independence Forest Policy. The Central Board of Forestry’s 1987 resolution, which was adopted as policy, made the first choice regarding the public’s participation in the management and protection of forests.
What is the percentage of forest area in India?
India’s total forest and tree cover in 2021 will be 80.9 million hectares, or 24.62% of its total land area. The Minister revealed the results, noting that the country’s total forest and tree cover is 80.9 million hectares, or 24.62 percent of its total land area.
Effectiveness, efficiency, and equity are the three elements in the context of social forestry.